How does the operation of a heat pump differ from a boiler?
A heat pump is at its best when it’s circulating low temperature water around the heating system.
The heat pump is best run at all times as dictated by the external weather temperature and the internal room temperature.
Because of the low temperature, it is not best suited to be operated intermittently like a boiler. The heat pump needs to be run in a “steady state” and avoid the need to heat the house quickly.
Understanding monobloc vs. split design
Air to water heat pumps comprise of either a monobloc and split design. Our 7001iAW and 7400iAW air to water heat pumps are a monobloc design, meaning you do not need to be F-Gas registered.
- Easy installation and quick to integrate into heating hydraulics
- Complete and concealed refrigeration circuit in the outdoor unit
- The heating process and transfer take place in the outdoor unit
- Piping between outdoor unit and indoor unit is a separate hot water circuit
- Well insulated piping for high efficiency (up to 30m)
Within the Monobloc design image – 1) Heat pump 2) Refrigeration circuit 3) Heating circuit for heat pump 4) Indoor unit 5) Heating circuit for house
Things to consider before specifying
Self & New Build installations
More ideally suited for Self and New Build, where the property and space required can be built around the technology.
Designed building fabric can be added which can mean there is more insulation and therefore less demand for heat.
A heat pump can be connected to an existing heating system.
Several conditions need to be checked to avoid issues with customer satisfaction and running costs;
- A heat loss calculation to determine the correct radiator or heat emitter sizes.
- The homeowner needs to be instructed as to how differently a heat pump needs to operate.
- Additional insulation measures such as cavity wall, double glazing etc.
- If the existing system is a combi boiler, then a hot water storage cylinder will be required.
As a rule of thumb, an air to water heat pump will cost around £8k. This is very dependent on the site and as to whether the existing heating system can be used and the position of the equipment etc.
There are grants available to assist in the investment, sometimes locally and regionally, as well as the Renewable Heat Incentive (due to end March 2022) which will pay an annual sum to the purchaser of the system for 7 years.